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Today in History for June 3: In 1097, Crusaders recaptured the ancient Christian city of Antioch, in present-day Turkey, from Muslim rule. In 1621, the Dutch West Indies Co. was founded to promote trade and colonization in the Americas.

Today in History for June 3:

In 1097, Crusaders recaptured the ancient Christian city of Antioch, in present-day Turkey, from Muslim rule.

In 1621, the Dutch West Indies Co. was founded to promote trade and colonization in the Americas.

In 1668, French explorer and fur trader Medard Chouart des Groseilliers sailed from England on a voyage that led to the forming of the Hudsons Bay Co.

In 1778, the first issue of the Montreal Gazette was published.

In 1789, fur trader Alexander Mackenzie left Fort Chipewyan in northern Canada on the trip which saw him discover the Mackenzie River on June 29.

In 1799, the Island of St. John was proclaimed as Prince Edward Island.

In 1888, Ernest Thayer's poem, "Casey at the Bat," was first published in the "San Francisco Daily Examiner."

In 1909, future prime minister William Lyon Mackenzie King became Canada's first labour minister.

In 1918, air mail service was inaugurated between New York, Boston, and Montreal.

In 1924, Czech writer Franz Kafka died at age 40..

In 1934, Canadian Dr. Frederick Banting, a co-discoverer of insulin, was knighted by King George V.

In 1935, the French liner "Normandie" broke speed records on her maiden voyage, crossing the Atlantic in four days, 11 hours.

In 1935, during the Great Depression, about 1,000 unemployed men from Western Canada began their "On to Ottawa Trek" to confront Prime Minister R.B. Bennett over his government's operation of relief camps.

In 1937, the Duke of Windsor and Wallis Simpson were married in southern France. The former King Edward VIII had abdicated the British throne six months before to marry the American divorcee.

In 1947, Britain said it planned to partition India into Muslim and Hindu states, which became Pakistan and India later that year.

In 1963, Pope John XXIII died at age 81 after leading the Roman Catholic Church since 1958. He was succeeded by Pope Paul VI.

In 1965, Edward White became the first American to walk in space during the "Gemini 4" mission.

In 1968, pop artist Andy Warhol was shot and critically wounded in his New York film studio, known as "The Factory," by Valerie Solanas, an actress and self-styled militant feminist.

In 1968, the Royal Canadian Mint announced that nickel would replace silver in Canada's coins.

In 1975, Ozzie Nelson, whose "Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" ran on radio or television for 22 years, died at age 69.

In 1981, Pope John Paul II was released from a Rome hospital after being wounded in a May 13th assassination attempt in St. Peter's Square.

In 1982, Israel's ambassador to Britain was critically wounded by a would-be assassin in London. The shooting of Shlomo Argov triggered Israel's invasion of Lebanon.

In 1987, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the 10 premiers signed the Meech Lake constitutional accord. It called for Quebec to have special status within Canada, plus more powers for the other provinces. But the deal died in June 1990 when the Manitoba legislature failed to approve it within a three-year time limit. As well, Newfoundland had rescinded its initial approval following a change of government.

In 1989, the SkyDome opened in Toronto. In 2005, it was renamed the Rogers Centre.

In 1991, the Mount Unzen volcano in southern Japan erupted, killing about 40 people.

In 1994, Queen Elizabeth unveiled a Canadian war memorial in London's Green Park, across from Buckingham Palace. It honours Canadians who fought and died in two world wars.

In 2001, the exhumed body of Pope John XXIII was moved to a new, visible resting place in St. Peter's Basilica. After he died in 1963, he had been buried in the church's basement grottoes.

In 2001, Oscar-winning actor Anthony Quinn died at age 86.

In 2003, four Arab nations - Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Bahrain - at a summit meeting with U.S. President George W. Bush in Egypt, pledged that any aid for Palestinians would be directed to the Palestinian Authority and not to extremist groups like Hamas.

In 2003, the production of "Corner Gas" began. The series lasted for 107 episodes, won six Gemini Awards and had an average audience of 1.4 million viewers before CTV turned off the pumps for good on April 13, 2009.

In 2008, General Motors, battered by soaring gas prices and the U.S. housing crisis, halted production at four factories in North America, including its large pickup-truck plant in Oshawa, Ont., where 2,600 jobs were slashed.

In 2008, Capt. Richard Leary, 32, a platoon commander of the 2nd Battalion Princess Patricia's Light Infantry regiment, based in Shilo, Man., was killed when insurgents fired on a security foot patrol in the Panjwaii district in southern Afghanistan.

In 2008, Barack Obama secured the Democratic Party nomination for U.S. president and became the first Black man to lead the party, after receiving the declared support of elected and party officials known as superdelegates.

In 2011, Jack Kevorkian, the retired pathologist who captured the world's attention as he helped dozens of ailing people commit suicide, igniting intense debate and ending up in prison for murder, died in a Detroit area hospital after a short illness. He was 83.

In 2011, James Arness, the 6-foot-6 actor who starred as Marshal Dillon in the classic western TV series "Gunsmoke" for its entire 20-year run, died in his sleep at his California home. He was 88.

In 2011, 21-year-old Senate page Brigette DePape was fired for walking to the centre of the chamber in the middle of the Throne Speech and holding up a stop sign reading "Stop Harper." She called Prime Minister Harper's agenda disastrous for her generation.

In 2012, a Dana Air Boeing MD-83 crashed into businesses and crowded apartment buildings near Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Lagos, Nigeria. All 153 aboard died, including one Canadian. Several people on the ground were also killed.

In 2013, a swift-moving fire inside a poultry slaughterhouse in northeastern China that had only a single open exit killed 121 people.

In 2013, Stephen Poloz, the former head of Export Development Canada, officially began his seven-year term as Bank of Canada governor, replacing Mark Carney.

In 2016, boxing legend Muhammad Ali, the heavyweight champion and outspoken civil rights activist whose irrepressible personality and showmanship transcended sports and captivated the world, died after a lengthy battle with Parkinson's disease. He was 74. He converted to Islam in the mid-1960s, changing his name from Cassius Clay. Citing his religious beliefs as a Muslim, he defied the draft at the height of the Vietnam war, angering white Americans. He was eventually stripped of his heavyweight title in 1967. He fought in three different decades, finished with a record of 56-5 with 37 knockouts and was the first man to win heavyweight titles three times.

In 2017, a terror attack in London left seven people dead, including Canadian Christine Archibald, and injured 48 others. Archibald was on London Bridge when three men drove a van into pedestrians and then ran down a set of stairs into Borough Market where they stabbed people in several different restaurants. The attackers, who were wearing fake suicide vests, were shot dead by police.

In 2018, Guatemala's Volcano of Fire erupted in fiery explosions of ash and molten rock, killing 75 people while a towering cloud of smoke blanketed nearby villages in heavy ash.

In 2019, the final report from the national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women was released with more than 200 recommendations to the federal government. It called violence against First Nations, Metis and Inuit women and girls a form of "genocide" and a crisis that had been "centuries in the making." It was formally handed over in a two-hour ceremony in Gatineau, Que. The report was the culmination of a three-year effort that was often beset by controversy, delays and personnel problems, documents what chief commissioner Marion Buller called "important truths" — including that Canadian laws and institutions are themselves to blame for violating the human rights of Indigenous Peoples.

In 2020, the Bank of Canada kept its key interest rate target on hold at 0.25 per cent. It said the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy appeared to have peaked and Canada seemed to have avoided the worst-case economic scenario, but noted there is uncertainty about how the recovery will unfold.

In 2020, the mission to recover the wreckage of a Canadian military helicopter that crashed off the coast of Greece in April ended. The Canadian Armed Forces said the remains of some of the six service members who were on board the Cyclone helicopter were recovered. Wreckage from the aircraft was also retrieved to allow investigators to determine the cause of the crash.

In 2020, the three other Minneapolis police officers involved in the arrest that led to the death of George Floyd were charged with aiding and abetting second-degree murder. The men had been fired along with Derek Chauvin, who was seen on video pressing his knee into Floyd's neck for several minutes. Chauvin was originally charged with third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter, but those counts were upgraded to a charge of second-degree murder.

In 2021, Canada, Sweden, Ukraine and the United Kingdom delivered a notice of claim against Iran over its downing of Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752. Foreign ministers from those countries, who lost citizens and residents when the jetliner was shot down shortly after taking off from Tehran in January 2020, said in a statement that Iran's actions amount to breaches of international law.


The Canadian Press